IN VITRO MULTIPLICATION OF CASSAVA VARIETIES

Renato Fernando Menegazzo, Max Emerson Rickli, André Werlang Menegazzo, Ana Daniela Lopes, Candida Elisa Manfio, Jana Koefender

Resumo


The implantation of a model of sustainable development for agriculture can happen with the contribution of the mandiocultura. But for this, culture needs to be strengthened. In vitro propagation is an instrument for this purpose. Micropropagation can provide growers with large quantities of vigorous and healthy cassava seedlings in a short time. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro establishment of four varieties of cassava cultivated in the municipality of Colorado do Oeste, State of Rondônia, popularly known as Arara, Caturra, Cacau Vermelha and Roxinha. For that, an experiment was carried out in the Laboratory of In Vitro Cultivation at the Pole of Technological Innovation of the University of Cruz Alta (UNICRUZ), with a completely randomized design in a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, with 6 replications. The treatments consisted of explants grown in Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium without the presence of growth regulator and MS medium supplemented with of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). The results indicate that the average contamination percentage of the explants was 47.19%, differing among the varieties. The best growth response in culture media, in the multiple comparison of means (Scott-Knott's test, 5%), was obtained with MS medium without BAP addition, with significant difference between varieties. Under the conditions of this experiment, it was evidenced that micropropagation is a viable tool for obtaining varieties of interest, with desired phytosanitary qualities, with varietal and large scale authenticity.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25110/arqvet.v22i4.2019.7618