GENETIC PARAMETERS OF GIROLANDO CROSSBRED COWS IN DAIRY HERDS IN THE STATE OF ACRE, BRAZIL

Andressa Pereira Braga, José Marques Carneiro Júnior, Antônia Kaylyanne Pinheiro, Maurício Santos Silva

Resumo


This study aimed at estimating genetic parameters for milk production and conformation characteristics in Girolando crossbred dairy cows reared in the High and Low Acre region using the restricted maximum likelihood methodology, under an animal model. We estimated the variance components and genetic parameters using the REML/BLUP procedure (Restricted Maximum Likelihood Methodology/Best Linear Unbiased Prediction). The estimated average for milk production for 305 days of lactation (P305) was of 1523.25 ± 481.11 kg, with a heritability of 0.38 for this characteristic. The conformation characteristics showed no significant correlation with milk production. The phenotypical correlations between the linear characteristics of type were, in general, positive and moderate. The P305 obtained in this study can be considered low and indicates that there is a possibility of increasing milk production through selection in herds along with the use of tested and proven bulls. The heritability estimate found (0.38) indicates that there is genetic variability for milk production, demonstrating that selection for this characteristic would result in genetic progress.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25110/arqvet.v23i1cont.2020.7644