Treponemal infections, Neurosyphilis, Syphilis, Congenital, Juvenile neurosyphilis


Background: Neurosyphilis is the most severe presentation of acquired and congenital syphilis, it occurs when Treponema pallidum penetrates the central nervous system. This development can occur at any time during the evolution of the disease phases. In Brazil in 2021, 2,343 children born with congenital syphilis were diagnosed with neurosyphilis, representing 9.3% of the total. The objective of this study was to analyze the scientific evidence on the medical manifestations presented by pediatric patients affected by neurosyphilis. Methods: In February 2023, PubMed, VHL, Scopus, Lilacs and Bdenf databases were researched for published case reports of patients aged zero to less than 18 years with T. pallidum infection. The data analysis period covered 55 years. Results: Nine articles were found in the period of publication from 1967 to 2022. There were two cases in females and only one with manifestation in an adolescent of acquired neurosyphilis. The adolescent's case was the only one with a favorable outcome after adequate treatment. Other cases resulted in impaired quality of life for patients and family members involved in child care. Conclusion: The reported cases of neurosyphilis were mostly related to late diagnosis. Evidencing the fragility of prenatal care, which is crucial for prevention and intervention by T. pallidum infection causes serious consequences for child development. Therefore, control measures should focus on mandatory prenatal screening during the first trimester of pregnancy, partner notification, prompt treatment and postnatal follow-up of the newborn.


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Como Citar

Calado Cabral, C., Cañedo, M. C., Rossato, L., & Simionatto, S. (2024). NEUROSYPHILIS IN PEDIATRIC POPULATION: A REVIEW OF CASES. Arquivos De Ciências Da Saúde Da UNIPAR, 28(1), 540–553.